Wednesday, April 7, 2010

CERAMICS

 HISTORY & BACK GROUND OF CERAMICS


The history of pottery is as old as 1500 BC dawn of Neolithic age. The history also reveals that putter’s wheel was introduced and used for to produce. Patterns items. With the passage of time the pace of development continued and present ceramic items are the latest crafts of Sindh.

The pottery and is also recognized and named as “KASHI” Which entered in Sindh in 15th century from Iran and Turkey. The Islamic touches may also be seen in Bahmbore items (722 AD) which also consider as the part of this cluster & history.

To promote and to keep alive the ceramic crafts the Sindh Small Industries Corp. (551C) has established a ceramic Training cum production centre in the year 1991 at Nasarpur District, Matiyari which is located 48 KM northeast of the city and houses of the tomb of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai the great Sindhi Sufi saint. The town is also fame for its Handicrafts including Lacquer work. Glazed pottery, sussi and Ajrak (hand loom cloth) and embroidery.










 RAW-MATERIAL

The following raw-material is being used in the production ceramic production.

S.No. Procurement Source
1. River Clay Local from other District
2. Colour -do-
3. Coating Clay -do-
4. Red Saud -do-
5. Red Leads -do-
6. Cobalt Oxide -do-
7. Copper Oxide -do-
8. Plaster of Paris -do-
9. Borax -do-
10. Sindur -do-
11. Soda -do-
12. Wood -do-
13. Silica -do-
14. Colour imported
BLUE POTTERY

It is well known fact and inconformity to the past history the use of blue colour was common and still liking by the customers, Nasarpur & Hala are the main centres where the blue pottery is still in production, small units are engaged in manufacturing pottery product & tiles. Which is specialty of the area In Nasarpur there are around 17 artisans.
Further more Hala is an other centre which is very much famous in the sub-continent in art of pottery, wood work, cloth printing, woven cloth Suti & Khadi in colour full designs. In Hala 55 artisans are working in 4 different production houses earning Rs.3, 000/- to
Rs. 15,000/- PM. As the unit are locating in residence hence the woman labour is also sharing in production. They are producing 14,400/- different items annually. Which are Guldan, Box, Hot pot, Wall pieces, Gamla, Tables and marketing it in Hala, Bhit Shah, Hyderabad, Mirpurkhas, Sukkur & Islamabad.

In Nasarpur the artisan earn Rs. 3,000/- to 4,000/- per month depending upon their skill, experience and expertise. None of the lady worker is involved in this skill.

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